1) In Aviman’s “Introduction,” she describes several contentious perspectives
surrounding scholarly approaches to the study of Zen paintings. What connections
does she make between the “romanticized” perception of Zen and approaches to “Zen
art”? In her outline of the purpose of her own book (p. 7), she describes how she
intends to break away from these earlier, romantic approaches. In your survey of her
chapter titles (also p. 7), what new “narratives” do you expect Aviman to introduce
surrounding the work of Hakuin and Sengai?
2) After reading the short paragraph on formal and stylistic analysis, answer the
questions in light of your viewing experience of the Huineng painting linked above:
What captures your attention first. What other elements do you then see. What mood
or emotion do you feel? Can you explain your observations and emotional responses?
In other words, which formal aspects of the work of art direct the movements of your
eyes and encourage you to feel a certain way? Finally, why is this feeling
communicative?

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